A new escalation portends with military confrontations return in Yemen, whose residents have lived in a period of dreams recent weeks, about ending the war and siege that has been raging for seven years to its climax.
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The timing of this escalation may indicate the involvement of UN in sabotaging international and regional efforts that had succeeded in slowing down the intensity of the daily battles. So, what are the dimensions of the new escalation and its repercussions on the path of a political solution led by United Nations?
On the ground, the fighting fronts in Marib have returned to the forefront of events in Yemen, with the outbreak of battles again during the past hours, after a period of calm that accompanied with the Omani movement to move the stagnant waters in the Yemeni file, along with American and international efforts, which is not the only front burning currently in light of news on intense ground and air attacks in the Saudi depth. All of that are indications to war resurgence, especially as it comes after Muhammad Abdul Salam, the head of Sana’a negotiating delegation in Amman, announced the lack of progress in the discussions on the political process, and it is an indication to the failure of the negotiations after months of difficult gestation accompanied by international and regional pressures in order to make progress.
Abdul Salam’s statements coincided with the disclosure of the decision of the new Secretary-General of the United Nations, Antonio Guterres, regarding the inclusion of Sana’a on the black list of children’s rights violators; on the one hand, it may carry dimensions of threatening to withdraw from international initiatives that are currently being discussed as a roadmap for peace in Yemen. It may be part of an escalation for Sana’a in the face of UN, which is trying to play dual roles in war and peace.
The latest UN resolution was not a spur of the moment or based on facts, according to what a member of the supreme political council in Sana’a, Muhammad al-Houthi, sees. It is a political decision par excellence it was subjected to financial blackmail by Saudi-led coalition. According to the head of Sana’a delegation, Muhammad Abd al-Salam, who recalled in his comment a statement by the former Secretary-General of the United Nations Ban Ki-moon, who spoke about Saudi financial pressures that were behind dropping the coalition from the blacklist of children’s violators around the world years ago, rather, it is part of an integrated scenario that began with holding two meetings, one of which was secret for UN Security Council recently, on Yemen. It was evident from the attack of the outgoing UN envoy to Yemen, Martin Griffiths, on Sana’a and holding it responsible for his failure to achieve a breakthrough in the crisis wall over four years, in conjunction with an American threat that it is part of a series of moves managed by regional and international parties on top of that United States, which is trying to pressure on Sana’a to facilitate the tasks of its envoy to Yemen, that marketing him as an alternative to Griffiths and failed to achieve any achievement since the beginning of this year.
All of these indications indicate that what is being cooked in the cellars, through which international and regional parties are trying to pressure on Sana’a to make more concessions in the course of stopping Marib battle. However, indications confirm that the international step and its sponsors behind it, leads to more complications in the Yemeni file, especially in light of the hard-line positions from Sana’a regarding to the decision siding with the warring party on Yemen and aiming to restrain the victim.
The adoption of the new resolution by UN seems to be counterproductive and contrary to expectations, and
it pushed for more escalation on the military track, in parallel with political positions that emerged from the statements of the Prime Minister in Sana’a government, Abdulaziz bin Habtoor, who considered the decision as reflecting Saudi Arabia’s purchase for United Nations with money. Emphasizing that the goal is to pressure on the national party in Yemen to accept frightening and unfair decisions in reference to the initiatives put forward as a map for peace.
While his deputy of defense and security affairs, Lieutenant-General Jalal Al-Ruwaishan, said that, the decision will not change the fact that Sana’a adheres to its firm position in defending on its people and extending its hand for peace, describing the decision as an addition to UN balance in trading in Yemeni blood.